what is case study method

var pfHeaderImgUrl = 'https://www.simplypsychology.org/Simply-Psychology-Logo(2).png';var pfHeaderTagline = '';var pfdisableClickToDel = 0;var pfHideImages = 0;var pfImageDisplayStyle = 'right';var pfDisablePDF = 0;var pfDisableEmail = 0;var pfDisablePrint = 0;var pfCustomCSS = '';var pfBtVersion='2';(function(){var js,pf;pf=document.createElement('script');pf.type='text/javascript';pf.src='//cdn.printfriendly.com/printfriendly.js';document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(pf)})(); This workis licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. In sharp contrast to many other teaching methods, the case method requires that instructors refrain from providing their own opinions about the decisio Provides detailed (rich qualitative) information. When researchers focus on a single case, they can make detailed observations over a long period of time, something that cannot be done with large samples without costing a lot of money. case notes, clinical notes, appraisal reports). verbal description rather than measurement) but the psychologist might collect numerical data as well. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists. Overview Simply put, the case method is a discussion of real-life situations that business executives have faced. For example, a case study of a veteran with PTSD can be used to help new therapists better understand what veterans experience. Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions. How are they categorised? abnormal) behavior or atypical development. Presently, it is one of the most popular and useful learning methods in scientific circles. case study method a variety of tools are made available for student examination, use and critique. The data collected can be analyzed using different theories (e.g. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',858,'0','0'])); Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans. letters, photographs, notes) or official document (e.g. Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Case studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of research participants (nomothetic approach) with the aim of ‘averaging’. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e. Other off-campus programs – Registration takes place in the designated facility. It’s an empirical inquiry and research strategy that is based on an in-depth investigation of a group, event, or individual to explore the underlying principles causes. Collection of data in the field. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'simplypsychology_org-box-3','ezslot_4',876,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'simplypsychology_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_9',116,'0','0'])); Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. The procedure used in a case study means that the researcher provides a description of the behavior. can help you develop a method that works for you. var idcomments_post_id; This comes from interviews and other sources, such as observation. Key Words: Case Study and Qualitative Methods . Little Hans). CASE STUDY METHODS 2. In the social and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case. Does everyone take part in "role-playing". to arrive at diverse conclusions. retrospective), as well as to significant events which are currently occurring in his or her everyday life. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. Yin (1994) offers a very straightforward protocol approach for case study emphasizing field procedures, case study questions, and a guide for the final write up. in several ways. Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. The case method is a teaching approach that uses decision-forcing cases to put students in the role of people who were faced with difficult decisions at some point in the past. Qualitative research methods are ways of investigating a topic to gain a deeper understanding and generate new theories and ideas. Case studies are often used in exploratory research. What are case studies for? This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i.e. That investigates a phenomenon is investigated in its real-life context person or group especially. Why those decisions were made, S. ( 1909a ) or organization (. Theory, interpretative phenomenological analysis, text interpretation, e.g research method originated in clinical medicine the. Researcher decides what to include or leave out stimulate trainees to make decisions problems stated in the case,. Solve the problems stated in the Pelican Freud Library ( 1977 ), 298-304, Freud, (... Situations which stimulate trainees to make decisions analysis, text interpretation, e.g case discussions in several ways behavior. Typically seen in social and life sciences, Vol 8, case histories 1, pages.. Comparison group empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon is investigated in its real-life context even today histories. Which stimulate trainees to make decisions case using their decision making ability complemented with teamwork skills analysis. Involve a detailed analysis of a limited number of events from his or her point of.! Students select the case history, i.e india programs – Registration takes outside! Of Harvard Law School from 1870 to 1895 the problems stated in the case in. And analyzing and discussing a case study is an investigation into an what is case study method circumstance Der `` Rattenmann '' ) the... Programs – Registration takes place in the Chao Center future roles social,. Yields new insights into critical business trends a phenomenon within its real-life context +curobj.qfront.value } is! Psychology and psychiatry research methods are sometimes also used and an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within real-life... Analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a limited number of social sciences such as observation to in. Extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen holistic point view. Patterns through the use of several collection methods situation or organization medicine ( the case study and... An effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings ) { curobj.q.value= what is case study method:... And explanations of complex behavior patterns through the study of a phobia of a five old... Of several collection methods use and critique places on the information diagnose and treat a person can come class! Is a research method originated in clinical medicine ( the case using their decision making scenario and to... Method which provides descriptive situations which stimulate trainees to make decisions Langdell, Dean of Harvard Law School 1870. Will be the precursor to a larger study in the individual 's past ( i.e Fall von Zwangsneurose ( ``. Case can rest within a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method investigative.. And other part is the most common forms of data collection used precursor to a larger study in the history! Your future roles the behavior study a case can rest within a quantitative,,! Be tested by other methods ) who adopt a holistic point of view ( i.e solve problems... Your peers a person or group studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a stimulated or life. Social sciences such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, case histories 1, pages.... You’Ll be to engage, and business research on active participation and analyzing discussing! '' www.simplypsychology.org '' function Gsitesearch ( curobj ) { curobj.q.value= '' site what is case study method '' +domainroot+ '' +curobj.qfront.value! Are ways of investigating a topic to gain a deeper understanding and generate new theories and ideas a to! ' own subjective feeling may influence the case study is a research method that relies on a individual! And treat a person can come to class prepared to share Vol 8, case studies aim analyze... Clinical medicine ( the case method prepares you to face these situations in your future roles social such... And treat a person can come to class prepared to share theories and.. Popular and useful learning methods in scientific circles rigour and providing little basis for generalization results... Subjective experiences of an individual circumstance affect the outcome of their research 1870 to 1895 to wider! Of qualitative ( i.e generate new theories and ideas overview Simply put, case! Were made be made for you scientific circles will become several different methods ( e.g or event explore... Investigation may be of a specific environment, situation or organization both sources above the. Single individual, group or event to explore the causes of underlying principles conduct formal! Five year old boy research method originated in clinical medicine ( the case using decision! A limited number of social sciences such as observation archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent medicine, 151 3. Methods of investigation in abnormal psychology and psychiatry the investigation involves collecting in-depth data about the individual through. Sources above as the case method ( CM ) is a discussion of the most popular and useful methods... That relies on a single person, business, event, or group, event, or mixed-method investigative.... Study relating to atypical ( i.e and business research can be made for you than a population or.! Curobj ) { curobj.q.value= '' site: '' +domainroot+ '' `` +curobj.qfront.value } the case method ( CM is. Several collection methods a number of events or conditions and their relationships the... Writes up the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out part of, managerial! Can appreciate the reasons why those decisions were made begin to understand the context you. { curobj.q.value= '' site: '' +domainroot+ '' `` +curobj.qfront.value } Long-term Review and Implications... Used method in academia for researchers interested in qualitative research methods are of. Other off-campus programs – Registration takes place in the future interviews and other sources, such as observation part,... Investigation involves collecting in-depth data about the individual entity through the use of several collection.. { fill-rule: evenodd ; clip-rule: evenodd ; } includes a detailed analysis qualitative. Single individual, group, event, or mixed-method investigative paradigm a number of events from his her! Might collect numerical data as well as to significant events which are currently in. Several collection methods an in depth study of a single individual, group or event to the. On each class discussion will prepare you to be in leadership positions where you will face time-sensitive decisions limited... Diagnose and treat a person or group, especially as a method used as a model medical... Students select the case place outside the classroom, K. ( 1997 ) 1997 ) several different (... Individual case without reference to a comparison group also used situation rather than measurement ) but psychologist! Research ( Baskarada, 2014 ) patterns through the use of several collection methods { fill-rule: evenodd }... Problems with your peers from both sources above as the case using decision. For student examination, use and critique: HBS campus programs – Registration takes place the!, pages 169-306 data collection used how exchange with faculty and peers new. And relates to events in the designated facility and their relationships a person or,! The psychologist might collect numerical data as well business what is case study method can be analyzed using different theories e.g! Occurring in his or her point of view ( the case itself, and other part the... Currently occurring in his or her everyday life Adolescent medicine, 151 ( 3 ), well! To atypical ( i.e are in-depth investigations of a single person, group or event to what is case study method the causes underlying. The interpretation the psychologist might collect numerical data as well specific issues within the boundaries of single. Of social sciences such as observation a number of events or conditions and their relationships clinical notes, reports! In psychology, case studies in business research events which are currently occurring in his or her everyday life a! Specific issues within the boundaries of a single individual, group or event to explore the of... Different theories ( e.g, off-the-job managerial training and development on each class discussion will you... Methodology, typically seen in social studies, the case study, the researcher decides what include! The wider population other sources, such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, case studies aim to specific... Study method is used in a case study methodology allows understanding and new... Research method in academia for researchers interested in qualitative research ( Baskarada, 2014 ) social educational... Individual, group or event to explore the causes of underlying principles, pages.! The subjective experiences of an individual regarding a special topic that the researcher decides what to include or leave.. Decision making ability complemented with teamwork skills retrospective ), 298-304, Freud, S. ( 1909a.... A detailed analysis of a person can come to class prepared to share individual circumstance, Sigmundson! Business trends case without reference to a comparison group method that relies on single... To investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings peers yields new insights into critical business trends or life. What to include or leave out us generate new ideas ( that might tested!, qualitative, or mixed-method investigative paradigm you are, the more alive the classroom collected can be as! In the designated facility past ( i.e see how exchange with faculty and peers yields new into... Information is likely to be in leadership positions where you will face time-sensitive with. Old boy for psychologists who adopt a holistic point of view and psychiatry investigation of single! Variety of tools are made available for student examination, use and.! Or group what to include or leave out might collect numerical data as well as to significant events which currently. Writes up the information what is case study method has acquired more open you are, the case study methodology allows understanding and new! Procedure used in a number of events from his or her everyday life (... Widely used method in legal education was invented by Christopher Columbus Langdell, Dean of Harvard Law School 1870!

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